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Jamshedpur - The Steel City

Posted By:Devendra Singh  Posted on:Dec 28 2013 07:03:51 pm
 

Surrounded by enchanting scenic beauty, Jamshedpur is a planned industrial city, with wide tree lined avenues and large public parks. In fact, Jamshedpur remains one of the best planned cities in India.

It was established by the late Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata in the first decade of the twentieth century in order to set up India’s first iron and steel company. Situated in an area abounding in natural minerals such as iron, ore, coal, manganese, bauxite and lime, with easy access to water owing to its location at the confluence of the Kharkai and Subarnarekha rivers, Jamshedpur served as an ideal spot fort setting up an iron and steel plant.

The major part of Jamshedpur is run by Tata Steel, formerly TISCO (Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited). It is home to one of the largest industrial zones of India which contains more than 1,200 small and medium scale industries, and is also the base for major companies such as Tata Motors, Lafarge Cement, Telcon, TCS, BOC Gases, Tata Technologies Limited, Praxair, Tinplate and many more. The city is also known as Tatanagar. In fact, this is also the name for its railway station which is over a century old.

Though primarily an industrial city, Jamshedpur is not devoid of options for leisure and entertainment. It has the advantage of being near a hill and forest range and is the converging point for several destinations.

Exploring Jamshedpur-

One of the major tourist attractions of the city is Jubilee Park, situated in the heart of the city. The lush green park modeled on the Brindaban Gardens at Mysore, is spread over an area of 238 acres. The park’s horticulture garden in noted for its singular hybrids. The fountains at the centre of the park are popular with visitors, and are illuminated in bright colours every Tuesday and Saturday. The holy fire which was installed in 1990 in Jamshedpur’s Parsee Fire Temple stands at one corner of Jubilee Park.

A special feast for nature lovers is the Tata Steel Zoological Park. It lies right next to Jubilee Park, and is an annual host to assorted migratory birds during winter. Jayanti Sarovar nearby offers boating and waters sports facilities.

Domohani or River’s Meet in the north-western corner of the city offers the unique experience of witnessing the convergence of two swift-flowing rivers, the Subarnarekha and the Kharkhai. The sunrise over rivers is a spectacular sight.

With its vibrant sporting culture, Jamshedpur is reputed to be the sports capital of Jharkhand. Built in 1939, Keenan Stadium, standing against the backdrop of Dalma Hills, hosts national as well as international cricket tournaments. The JRD Tata Sports Complex has an international standard football ground and an eight-lane monosynthetic track. The stadium can accommodate up to 40,000 spectators.

Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI): One of the most reputed institutions for management studies in India is located in Jamshedpur.

Dimna Lake: at the foot of Dalma Hills, is an artificial reservoir and one of the main sources of the city’s drinking water. Set in beautiful environs, the lake also has facilities for water sports like jet-skiing, rowing and water scootering, and is a favoured picnic spot. Other tourist sites of note in the city include the Jubilee Nicco Amusement Park, Hudco Lake and sir Dorabji Tata Park.

Around Jamshedpur-

Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary: located on the ranges of Dalma Hills, the sanctuary is about 13 km from Jamshedpur. Both Tata Steel and the Forest Department run guesthouses on the top of the hill. There is also a Shiva temple here.

Chandil Dam: A relatively small dam built over Subarnarekha, it is located 22 km north of Jamshedpur, with the scenic Dalma Hills in the background. Boating here is popular with visitors, especially during the winter months.

Ghatshila: A small town 40 km southwest of Jamshedpur, Ghatshila is acclaimed for its scenic beauty. The celebrated Bengali novelist Bibhuti Bhusan Bandyopadhyay found the serene environs of Ghatshila so inspiring that he often returned to stay here. The houses he lived in, ‘Gourikunj’, has been converted into a library in his memory. Other places around Ghatshila worth visiting are Buridih Lake, Dharagiri Falls and Fuldungri.

Dhalbhumgarh: A small town in East Singhbhum district Dhalbhumgarh is 60 km south of Jamshedpur. Places of interest here include an ancient stone temple of Kali that was one a part of Narsingarh RAjbari. Also of interest in the airport at Narsingarh, which was built during World War II.

Amadubi: Also known as ‘The Art Village’, Amadubi, 65 km south of Jamshedpur, offers a unique opportunity to visitors to experience the life and culture of the indigenious tribes form close quarters.

Constituting the first rural tourism project of the state, the village is situated around 10 km off National Highway 33. Amid beautiful surroundings, visitors can spend a quit weekend in one of the cottages, savour mouth-watering tribal delicacies, learn the unique style of scroll painting from Pyatkar painters and enjoy the tribal music dance  

Chaibasa: Located 65 km southwest of Jamshedpur, Chaibasa is a picturesque town located on the banks of river Roro. It is also the headquarters for West Singhbhum district. Chaibasa has a large tribal population and local festivals are celebrated here with great enthusiasm, Roro Dam is 19 km from Chaibasa ns is a popular spot with tourist. Birdi and Thakora Falls in Kokcho, located 20 km from Chaibasa are also well worth a visit.

Saranda: The largest Sal Forest in Asia, it lies 122 km from Jamshedpur, Famed for its multifarious flora and fauna, it has also been in the limelight due to its rich mineral reserves with hubs at Gua and Noamundi. Saranda, meaning ‘the land of seven hundred hills’, is spread over around 900 sq. km. The forest is home to hundreds of elephants and is an integral part of the migratory elephant corridor. The main access point for getting into Saranda forest by road is Chaibasa, 60 km southwest of Jamshedpur.

Getting Reach Jamshedpur

By road: Jamshedpur is 129 km from Ranchi.
By Rail: Tatanagar Junction is the main railhead in Jamshedpur, with connectivity to most major cities in India. 

 
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Sarnath - The place where Lord Buddha preached first sermon

Posted By:Ritakshi  Posted on:Dec 27 2013 06:47:30 pm
 

10 km from Varansi, Sarnath is one of the most revered Buddhist pilgrim centers. After attaining the enlightenment of Bodh Gaya, it was here that Lord Buddha preached his first sermon, sanctified as Maha Dharma Chakra Pravartan (Set in Motion the Wheel of Dharma). During the time of Lord Buddha, Sarnath was called Rishipattana or Issipattana and Mrigdav because, it was an ideal place for sages and was a dense forest inhabited by deer. Emperor Ashoka visited Sarnath around 234 B.C. and erected a Stupa here. Today, Sarnath treasures the most expansive ruins amongst places on the Buddhist trail.

Chaukhandi Stupa
The Stupa has great significance as Lord Buddha during his first visit to Sarnath after attaining the enlightenment, met his first five disciples here who had abandoned him earlier.

Museum
The museum has a rich collection of Buddhist sculptures, such as Lord Buddha’s Statue in the first sermon posture and rare Lions’ Capital, the National Emblem of India was found in the excavation at Sarnath.

Timing: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm, closed on Friday and entry fee: Rs.2.00

Ruins at Archeological Site

The major attractions here are:
Dharmarajika Stupa - The place where Lord Buddha preached his first sermon.
Mulgandhkuti Vihar – Where Lord Buddha stayed.
Ashokan Pillar – Broken in few pieces and preserved under a canopy.
Entry Fee – Foreign tourist US$ 2 OR Rs.100, domestic tourist Rs.5

Dhamek Stupa
It was built to commemorate the preaching of the first sermon by Lord Bhuddha. This huge and magnificent Stupa is 28 meters in diameter at the base and 43.6 meters in height, built partly in stone and partly in brick. The stone facing the lower part is adorned with delicate floral carvings of Gupta origin.

Jain Temple
The Jain Temple is dedicated to the 11th Tirthankar Lord Shreyansnathji.

Mahabodhi Temple – Mulgandhakuti
Here, Lord Buddha’s golden statue in the first sermon preaching, posture is worshiped, which is situated on a platform, under which the relics of Lord Buddha are kept in casket. It is taken out once in a year on the day of Buddha Poornima. The inner walls of the temple have excellent frescoes by Japanese artist Kosetsu Nosu showing the life of Lord Buddha. There is a Bodhi Tree also, under the Bodhi Tree; Lord Buddha is shown preaching his first sermon to his first five disciples. There is a rich collection of Buddhist literature too. 

Timing: Sunrise to 7:30 pm.

Deer Park
When Lord Buddha preached his first sermon, at that time his place was inhabited by lot of deer and was called Mrigdav. To commemorate that a Deer Park is developed here.

Entry Fee – Rs.3.00 for Adults, Rs.1.00 for children

There are other monasteries also, such as Sikkim Thailand, China, Myanmar, Japan, Tibet and Korea.

Sarangnath Temple
It is an old and famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The major attraction of the temple is two Shivlings in one Argha. A month long fair is held here during the Shravan month (July-August). Nearby is the large Sarangnath Kund also.

 
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Varanasi A city as old as time

Posted By:lokendra  Posted on:Dec 26 2013 06:55:31 pm
 

Banaras is Older Than History

Varanasi, popularly known as Benaras and mentioned as ‘Kashi’ in scriptures, has a glittering history of yore. One of the greatest pilgrimage, it is situated on the banks of holy river Ganga. It is strongly believed that a dip in its holy waters washes away the sins and purifies the soul.  The unique combination of Kashi – the gateway to ‘Moksha’, Ganga – the celestial river and Lord Shiva – the supreme God makes this city the most sacred and ultimate pilgrimage destination. Enthralled by its mythological legacy and traditions, Mark Twin complimented Varanasi as “Benaras is older than history, older than tradition, even older than legend and look twice as old as all of them put together.”

Varanas has always been a great cultural center. Since old days it has been the centre of learning, especially of Religion, Philosophy, Yoga, Ayurveda and Astrology. This city has been associated with great personalities. The galaxy of luminaries include Swamy Ramanad, Kabirda,s Ravidas, Tulsidas, Vallabhacharya, Panditraj, Jagannath, Bhartendu Harishchand, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Munshi Prem Chand, Babu Shyam Sundar Das, Rai Shri Krishna Das, Baburao Vishnu Pradkar, Jai Shankar Prasad, Acharya Ram Chandra Shukla, Dr. Sampoornanand, Acharya Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ustad Bismillah Khan and many others. Some of the most renowned exponents of classical music and dance hail from Varanasi, such as Gudai Maharaj, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Samta Prasad, Girja Devi, Kanthey Maharaj, Kishan Maharaj etc. Banarasi silk sarees and brocades are are cherished as collectors’ item.

What to See in Vanarasi-

River Front (Ghats)

Varanasi is the city of Temples, Ghats, Kunds and Galies (narrow lanes). The spectacular long sweep of Ghats on the holy Ganga is unique and creates a fascinating sight. Varanasi has approx 90 Ghats and Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main Ghat and one of the oldest in Varanasi on the bank of Ganges River, here boats are available on hire. Evening Ganga Aarti is an added attraction here.

The Other Prominent Ghats of Vanaras & Their Attractions:

Assi Ghat: famous for Lord Jagannath Temple, Saint Tulsidas Temple.
Tulsi Ghat: Saint Tulsidasji worte here the immortal epic Shri Ram Charitmanas-his house-old manuscripts, Lord Hanuman Temple, Birth place of Rani Laxmi Bai and Lolark Kund.
Chet Singh Ghat: Chet Singh Fort.
Hanuman Ghat: Lord Hanuman Temple, Mahaprabhuji Temple, Rudra Bhairav Temple, Ram-Parivar Temple.
Harish Chandra Ghat: Associated with mythological king Harish Chandra, cremation site, Kashi Kamkotishwar Temple.
Kedar Ghat: Kedareshwar Temple, Ganga-Dattatreya-Vithal Temples.
Sheetla Ghat: Goddess Sheetla Temple, Ganga-Dattatreya-Vitthal Temples.
Dashashamedha Ghat: Ganga Aarti and Budhwa Mangal festival site, Ganga Temple, boats can be hired here.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Ghat: Ganga Mahotsav and other cultural fair site.
Man Mandir Ghat: observatory.
Lalita Ghat: Nepal Temple.
Manikarnika Ghat: Cremation site, Haveli of Dom Raja.
Sindhia Ghat: Goddess Sankatha Temple, Vaikuntha Madhav Temple, Dattatreya Temple.
Panch Ganga Ghat: Ramananda Math, Shri Sansthan Math, Satyabhama Math, Tailang Swamy Math, Baithak of Vallabhacharyaji, Bindu Madav Temple, Ram Panchayatan Temple, Kangan Haveli, Deepmalika stand.
Ghai Ghat: Nepal Place, Lakshmi-Narayan, Gauri Temple.
Prahlad Ghat: Nrishing Temple, Jagannath Temple, Prahaladeshwer Temple, Sheetala Temple.
Badri Narayan Ghat: Lord Badri Narayan Temple
Raj Ghat: Shri Satsang Parivar Vyayamshala, Saint Ravidas Temple, Bhainsasur Temple
Adi Kesava Ghat: Adi Keshav Temple, Gyankeshava Temple, Sangameshwar Temple, Vinayak Temple, Panchdevata Temple, Durga Temple & Kund.

Kunds

Varanasi is also known for its Kunds, important among them are Pishachmochan Kund, Karna Ghanta Kund, Pitar Kund, Lolark Kund, Lakshmi Kund, Kurushetra Kund, Pushkar Kund, Durga Kund, Krim Kund, Lanka Kund.

Temples of Varanasi

Goddess Annapurna Temple
Near the Kashi Vishwanath Temple stands this important temple ofo Goddess Annapurna. The temples of Lord Kuber & Surya are also situated within its premises. It was built in 1725 by Peshwa Baji Rao I, the Marathe chieftain. The temple is famous for its Dhanteras and Annakoot festivals. Annakoot festival is held here after Deepavali. Nearby is the famous Dhundhiraj Ganesh Temple.

Lord Shani Dev Temple
This prominent temple of Lord Shani Dev is situated near the Kashi Vishwanath and Goddess Annapurna Temple

Goddess Durga Temple
It is one of the prominent temples of the city dedicated to Goddess Durga, in Bhelupur-Durga Kund Locality. The temple was built in the 18th century and open only to Hindus. Kushmandadevi temple and Durga Kund are other attractions.

Tridev Temple
Near the Tulsi Manas Temple, is Tridev Temple a new attraction of the city having the idols of Shri Radha-Krishna, Salasar Balaji Hanuman, Rani Sati and Khatu Shyam.

Manmandir Observatory
This observatory was built by Raja Man Singh of Jaipur at Manmandir Ghat near Dashashwamedh Ghat, Dr Rajendra Prasad Ghat. Timing 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. closed on Friday, entry fee-Rs.2.00.

Bharat Mata Temple
A unique temple at Sigra locality-close to M.G. Kashi Vidyapeeth, is dedicated to Mother India, which instead of the customary gods and goddesses, houses one of the most perfect relief maps of India carved on marble. It was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1936.

Sankat Mochan Temple
It is one of the oldest temples of the city in the Sankatmochan-Lanka locality. The temple is dedicated to Lord Hanuman. It is said that Goswami Tulsidasji wrote most parts of his epic Sri Ramcharitmanas here.

Kabir Math
Situated in the Kabir Chaura locality, it is the main Kabir Gaddi. The paintings related with the life-events of Saint Kabirdasji are worth seeing. 

Radha Swami Temple
The temple having an attractive gate and building, situated on the Kabir Chaura road at Lohatia, is associated with the Radha Swami Sect.

Lord Kal Bhairav Temple
This famous temple is dedicated to Lord Kal Bhairav, considered to be the protector (Kotwal) of the city. It is situated in the Bhairavanath-Vishweshwarganj locality. Nearby are Nagari Pracharini Sabha, the old and famous institution, Mahamritunjai Temple, Tilbhandeshwar temple.

Banaras Hindu University (B.H.U.)
At a short distance from the Sankatmochan Tempe is the Banaras Hindu University, one of the prestigious educational centers of India. It was founded by Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya. The university is among the new institutions which provide education on variety of subjects including the Ayurveda, Astrology, Yoga, Tantra, and Music etc.

New Lord Vishwanath Temple
Situated in the promises of Banaras Hindu University, this modern place of worship was planned by Mahamana Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya and built by the Birlas, on the pattern of the original Lord Vishwanath Temple. Verses from old scriptures are inscribed on its walls.

Bharat Kala Bhawan
This museum, within the BHU campus, houses the finest collection of Mughal miniature paintings and brocade textiles. Timing 10.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. (except university holidays), Closed on Sunday, entry fee Rs.10.00 (Indians), Rs.100.00 (foreigners), Tel: 2369227.

Saint Ravidas Temple
This grand temple is built at Seergoverdhana area, near the B.H.U., which is the birth place of Saint Ravidasji.

Gurudwaras
The magnificent Gurubhagh Gurudwara marks the place where Guru Nanakdevji had stayed in 1506. Gurudwara Neechibagh, in the Aas Bhairav locality, is the place where Guru Teg Bahadurji meditated in 1666.

Jain Temples
Varanasi is also regarded as one of the most sacred pilgrim centes of the Jains. It is believed that four Tirthankars – Suparshavanath, Chandra Prabhu, Shreyansshnath and Parshvanath – were born in and around Varanasi. Many Shvetambar and Digamber Jain temples, columns and idols are located in Bhadaini and Bhelupura localities. 

Lahartara Sarovar
Lahartara Sarovar, 3 km from Cantt Railway Station pm Varanasi Allahabad route, is the Udbhav Sthal of great saint Kabirdasji. The old temple built in between the Sarovar (pond) is worth visiting.

The other attractions are: Sakshi Vinayak Temple, Nepali Temple, Goddess Sankatha Temple, Lord Baijnath Temple, Lord Batuk Bhairav Temple, Bindumadhav Temple, Chitraghanta Temple, Bara Ganesh Temple, Kalratri Temple, Mukh Nirmalika Temple, Shailputri Devi Temple, Garhwa Ghat, Shool Tankeshwar Temple etc.

Important organizations & Telephone No.

Yoga Institute, B.H.U                                          -   Tel.: 2368938

Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth                       -   Tel.: 2223160, 2222689

Dr. Sampurnanand Sanskrit University                   -  Tel.: 2206617, 2204089

Krishna Murti Foundation, Rajghat                         -  Tel.: 2441784

R.K. Mission, Luxa Road Gandhi institute Rajghat    -  Tel.: 2451773

Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Maidagin                         -  Tel.: 2331488, 2331277

Gyan Pravah, Nagwa                                             - Tel.: 2366326

Garhwa Ghat Ashram                                            - Tel.: 2366977

Theosophical Society                                            - Tel.: 2400773

Maha Bodhi Society of India, Sarnath                      - Tel.: 2595955

Tibetan Institute, Sarnath                                     -  Tel.: 2585148

Ramnagar Fort and Museum

14 km Ramnagar, across the Ganga River, is the home of the Maharaja of Banaras, who is revered as the representative of Lord Shiva in the city. The mamssive 17th century fort here houses a museum displaying the royal collection which a museum displaying the royal collection which includes Vintage Cars, Royal Palanquins, an armoury of swords and old guns, ivory work and antique clocks. The Goddess Durga Temple and Chhinnamastika Devi Temple here are also worth visiting. Ramnagar is also famous for its unique month long Ram Leela. One can go to Ramnagar by road or boat.

Museum Timings

Summer: 8:30 am to 12:00 noon, 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm.
Winter: 10:00 am to 5:00 pm
Entry fee: Rs.12.00
Tel.: 2339322

 
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